Declaration of Blomboschfontein Nature Reserve





Gazette Date: 

Friday, February 10, 2017


PDF icon Blomboschfontein nature reserve.pdf66.34 KB


SG 6340/2005


In terms of section 27 of the National Heritage Resources Act, No. 25 of 1999, Heritage Western Cape hereby declares Blomboschfontein Nature
Reserve, fully described in the schedule, as a Provincial Heritage Site.

The demarcation of the Provincial Heritage Site is as follows:
Portion 72 and 73 of Farm Blomboschfontein 495 in Riversdale, Hessequa, as described in the SG Diagram No. 6340/2005.


The sites within the Blomboschfontein Nature Reserve are deemed to be of high archaeological significance, within the contexts of both Later Stone
Age and Middle Stone Age research. Coastal environments, located at the interface of two major ecosystems, namely marine and terrestrial, provide
unique advantages for the investigation of past human behaviours. Blombos Cave, situated adjacent to the Blomboschfontein Nature Reserve, was
declared a Provincial Heritage Site and is nominated by UNESCO as a World Heritage site.

Eighteen Later Stone Age, open air, archaeological sites are situated within the boundaries of Blomboschfontein Nature Reserve. Seven of the sites
are open station shell middens, six are elevated at above 90m above sea level and located on a coastal foreland. One is directly adjacent to the coast
and all the open sites predate 3000 BP; four sites are in shelters located in the coastal cliffs to the south of Blombos Cave and postdate 2000 BP.
The range of the site types, their generally high standard of preservation, their in-situ deposits and diversity in midden content highlights the
importance of these sites and they have provided a unique opportunity to study various aspects of human behaviour on this section of the coast
during the period from around 7000 BP up until 290 BP. Cultural artefacts, in particular stone tools, provided vital clues in tracing cultural change
and allowed comparisons to be made with excavated sequences from other sites in the southern Cape and further afield.


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