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9/2/026/0011

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28864

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Lower Needs Camp, East London District

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No

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Public - accessible to all site users

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Anonymous

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Post date: 07/08/2012
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Archive Import
History: Upper and Lower Need’s Camp are two lime quarries beside the main road from King William’s Town to East London.
Upper Need’s Camp lies on a hill just within the Divisional boundary of King William’s Town. Until it was proclaimed it was used for the exploitation of lime and an old kiln can still be seen there. It has been discovered that this occurrence of Tertiary limestone contains abundant fossil impressions of the large bivalve Iso gnoinon. This occurrence is of great scientific importance and the site has been preserved for the purposes of research.
Lower Need’s Camp is situated just within the Divisional 168 boundary of East London. These limestone and sandstone quarries contain large numbers of small fossils, many of them rare or unique, including foramenifera, ostracods, polyzoans and echinoid spines. The presence of these fossils date the deposits as Danian (final Cretaceous). The deposit lies on dolerite and is the only known occurrence in the Republic.
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